Friday, December 25, 2020

Birdstrike: Cessna P210N Pressurized Centurion II, N6300W; accident occurred December 21, 2019 in Gainesville, Alachua County, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Gainesville, Florida
Accident Number: ERA20CA058
Date & Time: December 21, 2019, 11:45 Local 
Registration: N6300W
Aircraft: Cessna P210 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Birdstrike 
Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, during the initial climb and while about 1,500 ft mean sea level, he saw a bird flying "straight up," but when it reached the airplane's altitude, it turned toward the airplane. The bird then impacted the propeller, continued through the left side of the windshield, and struck the pilot's face. The airplane began descending, but the pilot regained control of the airplane, declared an emergency, and landed without further incident. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the windshield. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The airplane's impact by a bird during the initial climb.


Environmental issues Animal(s)/bird(s) - Effect on operation
Environmental issues Animal(s)/bird(s) - Ability to respond/compensate

Factual Information

History of Flight

Initial climb Birdstrike (Defining event)
Initial climb Attempted remediation/recovery
Landing Off-field or emergency landing

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 65,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: January 17, 2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: March 27, 2018
Flight Time: 1552 hours (Total, all aircraft), 28 hours (Total, this make and model), 1552 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 15 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N6300W
Model/Series: P210 N 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: P21000744
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 6
Date/Type of Last Inspection: April 17, 2019 Annual Certified 
Max Gross Wt.: 4000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 5700 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C126 installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: TSIO-520P
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 310 Horsepower
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: GNV,123 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 3 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 11:53 Local 
Direction from Accident Site: 46°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 13 knots / 21 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 80°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30.29 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 22°C / 14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Gainesville, FL (GNV)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Nassau (MYNN)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 11:30 Local
Type of Airspace: Class E

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor, 1 None 
Latitude, Longitude: 29.651666,-82.324165(est)

Location: Allendale, SC
Accident Number: ERA20LA278
Date & Time: 08/07/2020, 1036 EDT
Registration: N6300W
Aircraft: Cessna P210
Injuries: 2 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On August 7, 2020, about 1036 eastern daylight time, a Cessna P210N, N6300W, was destroyed when it was involved in an accident near Allendale, South Carolina. The pilot and passenger were seriously injured. The airplane was operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 personal flight.

According to the pilot, he departed Gainesville Regional Airport (GNV), Gainesville, Florida, with an intended destination of Allendale County Airport (AQX), Allendale, South Carolina. Prior to departure, he fueled the airplane with 58 gallons of fuel. The flight was unremarkable, but when the airplane was on short final approach to runway 35 at AQX, the engine experienced a total loss of power. The propeller continued to rotate and the pilot attempted to restart the engine by switching the selected fuel tank but was unsuccessful. The pilot realized that the airplane was not able to reach the runway and he attempted to perform a forced landing to a field.

During the forced landing, the airplane struck trees and impacted the ground. After impact, the pilot and passenger egressed, and then a postimpact fire ensued.

The airframe and engine were retained for examination. 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N6300W
Model/Series: P210 N
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Amateur Built:No 
Operator: N206DJ, LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held:None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: AQX, 162 ft msl
Observation Time: 1035 EDT
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Temperature/Dew Point: 29°C / 24°C
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: Calm / ,
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility: 10 Miles
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Departure Point: Gainesville, FL (GNV)
Destination: Allendale, SC (AQX) 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Destroyed
Passenger Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Fire: On-Ground
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 32.986389, -81.266667 (est)

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