Thursday, October 22, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Cirrus SR22, N991WS; accident occurred December 01, 2019 at Everett-Stewart Regional Airport (KUCY), Union City, Obion County, Tennessee


Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Memphis, Tennessee
Cirrus Aircraft; Duluth, Minnesota

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Union City, TN 
Accident Number: ERA20CA048
Date & Time: 12/01/2019, 0700 CST
Registration: N991WS
Aircraft: Cirrus SR22
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries:2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that, while landing, the airplane encountered a crosswind gust and drifted left. At touchdown, a second gust lifted the right wing, the airplane drifted off the runway centerline, and the left wing impacted grass. The pilot added power; however, the left wing continued to drag in the grass, the airplane exited the runway, and the landing gear collapsed. Both wings sustained substantial damage. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing with a gusting crosswind, which resulted in a runway excursion and the left wing impacting grass.


Directional control - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Environmental issues
Crosswind - Effect on operation (Cause)
Gusts - Effect on operation (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Other weather encounter
Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Dragged wing/rotor/float/other
Runway excursion
Landing gear collapse

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 50, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/23/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/05/2019
Flight Time:  1040 hours (Total, all aircraft), 165 hours (Total, this make and model), 935 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 46 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 11 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cirrus
Registration: N991WS
Model/Series: SR22 Undesignated
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 1188
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/20/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 135 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1607 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
Engine Model/Series: IO 550N27
Registered Owner: Orthoair LLC
Rated Power: 310 hp
Operator: Orthoair LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Dawn
Observation Facility, Elevation: UCY, 345 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 5 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0715 CST
Direction from Accident Site: 30°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 20 knots / 28 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 260°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.64 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 7°C / -2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Dickson, TN (M02)
Type of Flight Plan Filed:None
Destination: Union City, TN (UCY)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0635 CST
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Everett-Stewart Rgnl (UCY)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 345 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 19
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 6503 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries:N/A 
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 36.380000, -88.990000 (est)

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