Wednesday, July 15, 2020

Abnormal Runway Contact: Waco YKC, N14139; accident occurred July 14, 2020 at Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport (3OH0), New Carlisle, Clark County, Ohio

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Cincinnati, Ohio

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: New Carlisle, OH
Accident Number: CEN20CA280
Date & Time: 07/14/2020, 0730 EDT
Aircraft: Waco YKC
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Abnormal runway contact
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

The pilot was practicing full-stop landings in the tailwheel-equipped airplane while on a local personal flight. The pilot reported that his first two landings were uneventful and that the surface wind was calm. He stated that before his third landing he had made two go-arounds because the airplane was not established on a proper descent path to the runway. The pilot reported that on his third attempt the airplane touched down with excessive speed and about 100 ft before the halfway point of the 2,000 ft long runway. The pilot applied "moderate" braking about 600 ft from the end of the runway in attempt to slow the airplane, but the airplane began to slide on the dew-covered grass. When it became apparent that the airplane would not stop before the end of the runway, the pilot intentionally ground-looped the airplane in attempt to avoid a runway excursion. However, the airplane continued to slide off the end of the runway and the lower right wing impacted the airport perimeter fence. The airplane then nosed over onto the fence. The lower right wing main spar fractured during the accident. The pilot reported no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane. Postaccident examination confirmed flight control continuity and found no issues with the wheel brakes.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age:75, Male 
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied:Left 
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/20/2020
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/02/2019
Flight Time:  819.4 hours (Total, all aircraft), 20.5 hours (Total, this make and model), 778.9 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 26.3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8.2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Waco
Registration: N14139
Model/Series: YKC No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1934
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 4219
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/08/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 860.1 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Jacobs
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: R-755B2
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 275 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: FFO, 823 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 7 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0656 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 193°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.06 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 16°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: New Carlisle, OH (3OH0)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: New Carlisle, OH (3OH0)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0700 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport (3OH0)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation:895 ft 
Runway Surface Condition:Wet 
Runway Used:28 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2000 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 39.931389, -84.016944 (est)

CLARK COUNTY, Ohio (WKEF/WRGT) -- A plane overturned Tuesday morning near New Carlisle.

People on scene at the Andy Barnhart Memorial Airport on Milton Carlisle Road didn't want to talk about what happened, but a Waco YKC plane had overturned and took two large tow trucks to flip the aircraft over.

It appears that no one was injured.


  1. Would have liked to see how the aircraft got put on to the mains. I can't figure out from the way they are lifting it how it will get put right side up. I could understand if they were lifting on the prop/crankshaft. Just shows there are better brains than mine running the tow trucks....

    1. Had the same question, then realized they had to get away from the fence before they could flip over forward. They probably set it back down away from the fence and then lifted from the tail to go up and over the nose, after the photos that are shown.

  2. Sad to see that happen to a restored Waco. It looks like it is repairable fairly easily, though. Lots of work restoring one of these great machines.
    I know, as I have been involved in one.