Saturday, July 11, 2020

Hard Landing: Raytheon Hawker 900XP, N805D; accident occurred January 03, 2020 at Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci Airport (TJIG), San Juan, Puerto Rico






 View of fuselage wrinkling 
Federal Aviation Administration 

View of gap between right flap and fuselage 
 Federal Aviation Administration

 View of gap between left flap and fuselage
Federal Aviation Administration

Photograph of Airplane Touchdown Point

Photograph of Airplane Touchdown Point

Photograph of Airplane Touchdown Point

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Juan, Puerto Rico

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 

 
https://registry.faa.gov/N805D


Location: San Juan, PR
Accident Number: ERA20CA073
Date & Time: 01/03/2020, 1040 AST
Registration: N805D
Aircraft: BEECH HAWKER 900XP
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing
Injuries: 5 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Executive/Corporate

Analysis 

As the pilot and copilot of the business jet were conducting an instrument approach to the runway and as the airplane was about to touch down, the pilot reduced the engine power. The airplane then descended and landed hard on a grassy area short of the runway threshold. The fuselage sustained substantial damage. The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane what would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain a proper descent rate during landing, which resulted in a hard landing short of the runway.

Findings

Aircraft
Descent rate - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-flare/touchdown
Landing area undershoot
Hard landing (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport
Age: 72, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 12/19/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/17/2019
Flight Time:  33245 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1800 hours (Total, this make and model), 40 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 18 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Co-Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport
Age: 65, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 5-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/26/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 12/23/2019
Flight Time:   16185 hours (Total, all aircraft), 10122 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 60 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 4.85 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make:BEECH 
Registration: N805D
Model/Series: HAWKER 900XP No Series
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Transport
Serial Number: HA-0113
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 10
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 11/01/2019, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 28000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 2198 Hours
Engines: 2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time:  as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Honeywell
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TFE731-50R
Registered Owner: Hawker 900 Xp Llc
Rated Power: 4750 lbs
Operator: Pro Pilot
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: TJSJ, 8 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1044 AST
Direction from Accident Site: 235°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 2100 ft agl
Visibility:  2 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 2900 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 6 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 90°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting:
Temperature/Dew Point:
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Mist; Moderate - Rain
Departure Point: La Romana, FN (TJIG)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: San Juan, PR (SIG)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 1001 AST
Type of Airspace: 

Airport Information

Airport: Fernando Luis Ribas Dominicci (SIG)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 9 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Wet
Runway Used: 09
IFR Approach: Global Positioning System; RNAV
Runway Length/Width: 5539 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 3 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 5 None
Latitude, Longitude: 18.436944, -66.005000 (est)

3 comments:

  1. They're very lucky he didn't put the plane into the drink. He was already 50 - 60 feet lower than he should've been. Had he been another 2-3 feet lower then his mains would've clipped the water instead of that St. Augustine grass just short of the runway. Would've been game over for all 5 of them. Very fortunate.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Only needed to be a foot lower to shear off the mains by embedding deeper in that berm upslope. Imagine how hard that hit was felt in the cabin.

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    2. I think you're right. About one foot lower and those mains would've been sheared right off. I guess then you'd have a wheel-less jet slide the length of the runway. Maybe go into the drink off the other end. It'd be a landing everyone at the airport remembered for a while.

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