Thursday, May 14, 2020

Piper PA-22-150, N4454A: Accident occurred May 11, 2020 at Fayetteville Municipal Airport (KFYM), Tennessee -and- Incident occurred April 28, 2018 at Richard B. Russell Airport (KRMG), Rome, Floyd County, Georgia

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Nashville, Tennessee

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Fayetteville, Tennessee
Accident Number: ERA20CA185
Date & Time: May 11, 2020, 19:00 UTC 
Registration: N4454A
Aircraft: Piper PA22 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that he was performing touch and go landings. On his third landing, he knew there was a crosswind from his left side, so he touched down with the left main landing gear first. When the right main landing gear touched down, the airplane started to veer off to the left, so he corrected with right rudder and the airplane pulled hard to the right. The pilot then saw a ditch on the right side of the runway, so he applied "hard left rudder" to purposefully put the airplane into a ground loop so the airplane would not go off the runway and into the ditch. During the ground loop, the right main landing gear fractured and folded under the fuselage.

Examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the right main landing gear tube fractured, and that the fracture surfaces did not display corrosion. The right wing rear spar and the lower longeron were substantially damaged. Examination of the flight controls and brakes showed no evidence of any preaccident anomalies.

At the time of the accident a left crosswind component of between 9 and 17 knots prevailed.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain directional control during landing in gusting crosswind conditions.


Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot
Environmental issues Crosswind - Effect on operation
Aircraft Directional control - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing-landing roll Loss of control on ground (Defining event)
Landing-landing roll Landing gear collapse

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial 
Age: 28, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without waivers/limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 29, 2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: June 5, 2019
Flight Time: 234 hours (Total, all aircraft), 42 hours (Total, this make and model), 166 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 36 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 4 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper 
Registration: N4454A
Model/Series: PA22 150 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1956 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 22-3787
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel 
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: February 19, 2020 Annual 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2000 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2144.4 Hrs as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated 
Engine Model/Series: O-320 SERIES
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 150 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC) 
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: FYM
Distance from Accident Site:
Observation Time: 18:55 Local
Direction from Accident Site:
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots / 17 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 330° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30.25 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 18°C / 2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Fayetteville, TN (FYM)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Fayetteville, TN (FYM) 
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 18:00 UTC 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Fayetteville Muni FYM 
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 983 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 02
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5900 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Touch and go

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 35.060554,-86.563888(est)

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Atlanta, Georgia

April 28, 2018:  Ground looped.

Date: 28-APR-18
Time: 14:15:00Z
Regis#: N4454A
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA24
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
City: ROME

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