Sunday, February 02, 2020

Landing Area Undershoot: Cessna 182M Skylane, N91846; accident occurred November 11, 2019 at Melby Ranch Airstrip (33CO), San Luis, Costilla County, Colorado

View of damage to the airplane’s left wing.
Federal Aviation Administration 

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Denver, Colorado

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: San Luis, CO
Accident Number: GAA20CA071
Date & Time: 11/11/2019, 1705 MST
Registration: N91846
Aircraft: Cessna 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area undershoot
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The pilot reported that during landing at dusk, and into the setting sun, he observed "flat light" conditions. The private dirt airstrip increased in gradient as he landed to the west. About 75 knots airspeed, the pilot increased the flaps, attempted to bleed off airspeed, and touched down. The airplane landed hard, "because I literally did not see it coming." The nose gear collapsed, and the airplane nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing, the lower fuselage and the empennage.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 64, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present:No 
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed:
Medical Certification: Class 3
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/29/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/06/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 2779.6 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2680 hours (Total, this make and model), 2710.2 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 6 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 0.7 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.7 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N91846
Model/Series: 182 M
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18259931
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/19/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3293.6 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: C91 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-R
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KALS, 7541 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 29 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2352 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 320°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: 100°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.24 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 2°C / -9°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: ALAMOSA, CO (ALS)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: ALAMOSA, CO (ALS)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1652 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Melby Ranch Airstrip (33CO)
Runway Surface Type: Grass/turf
Airport Elevation: 8820 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry; Rough
Runway Used: 21
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7400 ft / 40 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  37.065000, -105.463611 (est)

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