Wednesday, January 08, 2020

Loss of Control on Ground: Beech C23 Sundowner 180, N24690; accident occurred January 07, 2020 at Chesapeake Regional Airport (KCPK), Norfolk, Virginia

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


https://registry.faa.gov/N24690


Location: Norfolk, VA
Accident Number: ERA20CA072
Date & Time: 01/07/2020, 1218 EST
Registration: N24690
Aircraft: Beech 23
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The flight instructor said he was providing instruction to the private pilot who had recently purchased a share in the airplane. They had been practicing landings on runway 23 and both had felt wind gusts on the previous landings. Just before the airplane touched down for its fifth practice landing, a gust of wind lifted the airplane's left wing and the airplane was pushed to the right. The private pilot attempted to correct for the gust and the airplane bounced on all three-landing gear and became airborne. The flight instructor told the private pilot to add power and go around. Another gust of wind pushed the airplane further to the right and the airplane was now "clearly in a loss of control state." The flight instructor took the controls, but the airplane was already in a full stall, with full power and full flaps extended. The airplane impacted the ground adjacent to the runway.

The private pilot stated that when the airplane touched down a gust of wind pushed the airplane to the right. The flight instructor yelled for full power and said, "my airplane." The wind pushed the airplane further to the right and the airplane impacted a ditch and spun around on the propeller.

The airplane's left main landing gear strut was bent aft, which resulted in substantial damage to the left wing spar fitting. The underside of the fuselage aft of the firewall, the propeller, and the nose wheel were also damaged.

The private pilot reported there were no mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Weather reported at the airport around the time of the accident included wind from 150° at 9 knots, 5 miles visibility, haze, and clear skies.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 50, Male 
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: BasicMed Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/07/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/26/2018
Flight Time:   81 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2 hours (Total, this make and model), 15 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial; Private
Age: 59, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present:Yes 
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/08/2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 03/06/2018
Flight Time:  1043 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1 hours (Total, this make and model), 983 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 52 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 21 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Beech
Registration: N24690
Model/Series: 23 C23
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: M-1435
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 08/01/2019, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2450 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2583.45 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91 installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-360
Registered Owner: Parade Of Properties Inc
Rated Power:180 hp 
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: CPK, 18 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1135 EST
Direction from Accident Site: 0°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  5 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 9 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 150°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.97 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 13°C / 2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Haze; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Norfolk, VA (CPK)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Norfolk, VA (CPK)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1025 EST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Chesapeake Rgnl (CPK)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 18 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 23
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5500 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 36.665556, -76.320556 (est)

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