Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Loss of Control on Ground: Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N6097G; accident occurred October 15, 2019 at Bowman Field Airport (KLOU), Louisville, Kentucky

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Greensboro, North Carolina 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Location: Louisville, KY
Accident Number: GAA20CA023
Date & Time: 10/15/2019, 1447 EDT
Registration: N6097G
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control on ground
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional

The solo student pilot reported that, during the traffic pattern to land, the flaps would not lower and he had to move the flap lever up and down several times to troubleshoot. On base, he realized that he was faster than normal. On final, he extended the flaps to 30°, but felt he was too high and fast. He reduced power to correct and over the threshold, a crosswind drifted the airplane to the left. He reduced power to idle and pushed the nose down "too quickly." The airplane porpoised and he attempted to pitch the nose up to decrease airspeed. He was then worried that the airplane would aerodynamically stall, so he pitched the nose down. The airplane landed hard in the grass left of the runway, the nose dug into the ground, and the airplane came to rest inverted.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the right wing.

The student pilot reported that there were no pre-accident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

The airport's automated weather observation station reported that, about 6 minutes after the accident, the wind was from 200° at 11 knots. The student pilot was landing the airplane on runway 15.

The student pilot reported that he should have added full power and performed a go around. He added that he felt pressured to land the airplane to "get out of everyone's way." 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 47, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/30/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 52 hours (Total, all aircraft), 52 hours (Total, this make and model), 1 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N6097G
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2004
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal; Utility
Serial Number: 172S9673
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 09/17/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 7736.8 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: Bccm Aircraft Holdings Llc
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: Cardinal Wings Aviation LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KLOU, 540 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1853 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 69°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 200°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.91 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Georgetown, KY (27K)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Louisville, KY (LOU)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1405 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class D

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 545 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 15
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 3580 ft / 75 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 38.227778, -85.664722 (est)

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