Thursday, December 19, 2019

Loss of Control in Flight: Cessna 172S Skyhawk SP, N35585; accident occurred July 14, 2019 in Elkton, St. Johns County, Florida

View of damage to the engine mounts.
 Federal Aviation Administration 



Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Orlando, Florida 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

https://registry.faa.gov/N35585

Location: Elkton, FL
Accident Number: GAA19CA412
Date & Time: 07/14/2019, 0921 EDT
Registration: N35585
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The flight instructor reported that he had demonstrated a simulated engine failure and recovery at altitude to the pilot-under-instruction (PUI), and he subsequently asked the PUI to perform a simulated engine failure and recovery. Operating over an open field, the flight instructor allowed the pilot to descend over the field, and he recalled instructing the pilot to "Recover" and abort the landing about 200ft AGL. Failing to do so, the flight instructor came on the controls about 50 knots airspeed and about 100ft AGL, the airplane stalled, collided with the ground, and subsequently nosed over.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to both wings and the engine mounts.

The flight instructor reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor
Age: 27, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s):None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/10/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/24/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1030 hours (Total, all aircraft), 300.7 hours (Total, this make and model), 932.8 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 146.7 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 62.8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2.2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 31, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 02/12/2019
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/03/2019
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 271 hours (Total, all aircraft), 215 hours (Total, this make and model), 223 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1.5 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)



Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N35585
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 172S8873
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 05/31/2019, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 7317.5 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: C91A installed, activated, aided in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: Christiansen Aviation Inc
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: Christiansen Aviation Inc
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSGJ, 10 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 4 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1356 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 338°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Light and Variable /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction: Variable
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.17 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 30°C / 26°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Saint Augustine, FL (SGJ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Saint Augustine, FL (SGJ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 0840 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 29.901111, -81.312500 (est)

3 comments:

  1. I see a few good parts left...... nice job of wrecking a plane !

    ReplyDelete
  2. Failure of PUI to follow the direction of the instructor who used POOR JUDGEMENT in allowing things to get so far out of hand at such a low altitude.

    Jeeeez

    ReplyDelete
  3. A lousy open plowed field for PUI to perform a "simulated engine failure and recovery at altitude"
    my recall, our CFI only pushed throttle to idle over a known open grassy field actually used for landing, usually private strips he had permissions to land.

    ReplyDelete