Saturday, December 21, 2019

Landing Area Undershoot: Piper PA-28-180, N5668W; accident occurred November 27, 2018 at Casa Grande Municipal Airport (KCGZ), Pinal County, Arizona

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Scottsdale, Arizona

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: 

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Casa Grande, AZ

Accident Number: GAA19CA084
Date & Time: 11/27/2018, 1830 MST
Registration: N5668W
Aircraft: Piper PA28
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Landing area undershoot
Injuries: 1 Serious
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The solo student pilot reported that, while on final approach at night, he slowed the airplane to about 87 knots and extended 20ยบ of flaps. He then realized his altitude was low, so he initiated a go-around, but the right main landing gear struck a fence and the airplane impacted the terrain.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

The pilot reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Student
Age: 71, Male
Airplane Rating(s): None
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 06/26/1970
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 170 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N5668W
Model/Series: PA28 180
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 28-847
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Lycoming
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O&VO-360
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCGZ, 1462 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 0156 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 181°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  6 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR): 
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.01 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C / -1°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Haze; No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Casa Grande, AZ (CGZ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Casa Grande, AZ (CGZ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1800 MST
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1464 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 05
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5200 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Serious
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Serious
Latitude, Longitude: 32.955000, -111.766944 (est)


  1. Student Pilot Age 71 Total Flight Time 170 Hrs.?

  2. "Student Pilot Age 71 Total Flight Time 170 Hrs.?"
    Who comments with such gibberish!?!
    Did you even bother to read Mr. Kouf's handwritten narrative history of flight? I'll bet you didn't take the time to read the narrative of flight. You are lazy!
    Mr. Kouf wrote an extremely articulate with great recall of almost every tiny bit of detail. I applaud this retired Naval Air crash crew fireman. Thank you for your service, Mr. Kouf.

  3. "Student Pilot Age 71 Total Flight Time 170 Hrs.?"

    such Student Pilots are the "Most Valuable Student Pilots" for the CFI and the Flightschool! After at least 50 Hrs. someone should have a PPL Examination completed.

  4. "After at least 50 Hrs. someone should have a PPL Examination completed."
    Maybe in a perfect world....

  5. "Maybe in a perfect world"

    No, that's the norm for those who take flying seriously and want to be get their PPL. The others who hang on to 100+ hours as a student are either not dedicated to flying or their instructor doesn't believe they have the skills to be signed off for a PPL. In this case, and in other cases here on this very website, it shows in crashes.