Wednesday, August 7, 2019

Fuel Related: Cessna P206A Super Skylane, N206TF; accident occurred June 12, 2017 near Eagles Nest Airport (31E), West Creek, Ocean County, New Jersey

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms 
 
http://registry.faa.gov/N206TF




Location: West Creek, NJ
Accident Number: ERA17LA205
Date & Time: 06/12/2017, 2255 EDT
Registration: N206TF
Aircraft: CESSNA P206
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel related
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Other Work Use

On June 12, 2017, about 2255 eastern daylight time, a Cessna P206A, N206TF, was substantially damaged during a forced landing while on approach to Eagles Nest Airport (31E), West Creek, New Jersey. The commercial pilot sustained minor injuries. The airplane was being operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a post-maintenance flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time and a visual flight rules flight plan was filed but not activated for the flight that originated about 1 hour earlier from Danbury Municipal Airport (DXR), Danbury, Connecticut.

Two days earlier, 4 repaired cylinders were installed on the airplane's engine that required break-in. In preparation of the flight to break-in the cylinders, the pilot personally spoke with the mechanic and was given the procedures, which included operation of the engine at full rich, and to monitor the cylinder head temperature (CHT). He was also informed to check the fuselage belly for fresh oil. The pilot reported he personally filled both fuel tanks, bringing the total usable capacity in each tank to 31.5 gallons. He then flew the airplane on an uneventful 1 hour flight from 31E to DXR. The entire flight was performed with the fuel selector on the right tank, the mixture control in the full rich position, and the engine operating at 24 inches manifold pressure and 2,400 rpm. No engine discrepancies were noted during the flight, and no fuel was purchased while at DXR.

Prior to departing DXR for the return flight to 31E, the pilot stated that he performed a "quick preflight inspection", and although the airplane was equipped with a dipstick to check the fuel quantity, he did not use it during his preflight inspection. The airplane departed with the fuel selector on the left tank position, the mixture control in the full rich position, and climbed at full power to 7,500 ft mean sea level (msl). The pilot maintained 24 inches manifold pressure and 2,400 rpm (same engine settings as the first leg), and flew to 31E while periodically scanning the engine gauges. While on final approach to runway 14, he realized the "sight picture" was not correct, and performed a go-around. He climbed to between 1,000 and 1,200 ft msl, then turned onto the crosswind and downwind legs of the airport traffic pattern. While on the downwind leg of the airport traffic pattern between 1,200 and 1,500 ft msl, before midfield, with the auxiliary fuel pump on, the engine sputtered and quit, and the propeller stopped. The pilot attempted to restart the engine which consisted of moving the fuel selector to the right tank position, verifying the mixture control was full rich, and advancing the throttle, but the engine did not restart. He turned onto the base leg of the airport traffic pattern, and flew towards the runway while maintaining best glide speed of 80 knots; however, the airplane impacted trees then the ground about 1/4 nautical mile before the runway, and came to rest inverted. The fuel selector was not moved before exiting the airplane.

Postaccident examination of the airplane by a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector revealed the fuel selector was positioned to the left fuel tank. About 2.5 gallons of fuel were drained from it which was breached in 2 locations, while about 6 ounces of fuel were drained from the un-breached right fuel tank. The ground beneath the left wing smelled of fuel, while the ground beneath the right fuel tank did not smell of fuel, and no fuel blight to vegetation was noted beneath the right fuel tank. No fuel stains were noted aft of either fuel cap. One propeller blade was slightly bent.

Examination of the airplane by the same FAA inspector following recovery revealed fuel was present at the inlet and outlet of the auxiliary fuel pump, but no fuel was present at the inlet or outlet of the engine-driven fuel pump, or at the flow divider/manifold valve. With battery power applied, and a fuel supply provided, the auxiliary fuel pump provided fuel to the inlet and outlet of the engine-driven fuel pump. This was repeated with the fuel selector positioned to the left and right tank positions. There were no reported issues with the aircraft's fuel system. The propeller was rotated by hand and with a spark plug removed from each cylinder, suction and compression was noted in each cylinder. Also during hand rotation, the magnetos produced spark at all spark plugs. A temporary fuel supply was plumbed into the aircraft's fuel system, and the engine was started and operated for about 12 seconds. Safety concerns prevented a prolonged run or operation at a high power setting. No discrepancies were noted during the engine run.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 36, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/30/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/09/2017
Flight Time:  1050 hours (Total, all aircraft), 20 hours (Total, this make and model), 930 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 89 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 61 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N206TF
Model/Series: P206 A
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture:
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: P206-0289
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 2
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/08/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3600 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 34 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 11950.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-520-A
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 285 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Not Reported
Observation Facility, Elevation: MJX, 86 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 16 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2256 EDT
Direction from Accident Site: 2°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 4 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 240°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.99 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 24°C / 18°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Danbury, CT (DXR)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: VFR
Destination: West Creek, NJ (31E)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 2200 EDT
Type of Airspace:

Airport Information

Airport: Eagles Nest Airport (31E)
Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 39 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Unknown
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 39.667778, -74.309167 (est)

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