Tuesday, April 10, 2018

Diamond DA42 Twin Star, N987TS, registered to and operated by Falcon Aviation Academy LLC and Cessna 172S Skyhawk, N410ER, registered to and operated by Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Inc: Accident occurred February 21, 2018 at Malcolm McKinnon Airport (KSSI), Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Atlanta, Georgia

N410ER  Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

N410ER Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N410ER

Analysis 

The chief pilot of the flight school that operated the multi-engine airplane reported that the pilot receiving instruction was taxiing the airplane to the runway at the non-tower-controlled airport and was "heads-in" looking down and researching information on his iPad when he heard someone yell, "stop". He quickly applied the brakes, but the airplane collided with an airplane stopped on the taxiway, holding short of the runway.

The chief pilot further reported that the flight instructor was imputing radio frequencies and was unaware that the pilot was also looking inside the airplane. The instructor looked up just in time to hear the backseat passenger yell "stop" and see the collision.

The safety coordinator of the flight school that operated the stopped airplane reported that, while holding short of the runway and performing the before takeoff checklist, the flight instructor and pilot-receiving-instruction felt a hard impact from the rear.

The stopped airplane sustained substantial damage to the elevator.

The safety coordinator and chief pilot both reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with their respective airplanes that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's failure to see and avoid an airplane holding short of the runway on the taxiway and the flight instructor's lack of situational awareness.

Findings

Personnel issues
Monitoring other aircraft - Pilot of other aircraft (Cause)
Task monitoring/vigilance - Pilot of other aircraft (Cause)
Situational awareness - Pilot of other aircraft (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Taxi
Ground collision (Defining event)

Location: Brunswick, GA
Accident Number: GAA18CA198A
Date & Time: 02/21/2018, 2120 EST
Registration: N410ER
Aircraft: CESSNA 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Ground collision
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The Chief Pilot of the flight school that operated the multi-engine airplane reported that the pilot-receiving-instruction was taxiing the airplane to runway at the non-tower-controlled airport and was "heads-in" looking down and researching information on his iPad when he heard someone yell, "Stop!". He quickly applied the brakes, but the airplane collided with an airplane stopped on the taxiway, holding short of the runway.

The Chief Pilot further reported that the flight instructor was imputing radio frequencies and was unaware that the pilot was also looking inside the airplane. The instructor looked up just in time to hear the backseat passenger yell "stop," and see the collision.

The Safety Coordinator of the flight school that operated the stopped airplane reported that, while holding short of the runway and performing the before takeoff checklist, the flight instructor and pilot-receiving-instruction felt a hard impact from the rear.

The stopped airplane sustained substantial damage to the elevator.

The Safety Coordinator and Chief Pilot both reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with their respective airplanes that would have precluded normal operation. 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 23
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/26/2014
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 09/29/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 396 hours (Total, all aircraft), 396 hours (Total, this make and model), 326 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 62 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 40 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 3 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Student Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age:
Airplane Rating(s):
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s):
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s):
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s):
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification:
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot:
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: (Estimated) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N410ER
Model/Series: 172 S
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2014
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 172S11441
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 3
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/06/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2550 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 3555.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-L2A
Registered Owner: EMBRY RIDDLE AERONAUTICAL UNIVERSITY INC
Rated Power: 180 hp
Operator: EMBRY RIDDLE AERONAUTICAL UNIVERSITY INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSSI, 24 ft msl
Observation Time: 0153 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 186°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 19°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 8 knots, 120°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.42 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: DAYTONA BEACH, FL (DAB)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: Unknown
Destination: Brunswick, GA (SSI)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time:
Type of Airspace: Class G 

Airport Information

Airport: MCKINNON ST SIMONS ISLAND (SSI)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 18 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude:  31.155556, -81.390556 (est)

Falcon Aviation Academy LLC

http://registry.faa.gov/N987TS

N987TS  Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:  https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Analysis 

The chief pilot of the flight school that operated the multi-engine airplane reported that the pilot receiving instruction was taxiing the airplane to the runway at the non-tower-controlled airport and was "heads-in" looking down and researching information on his iPad when he heard someone yell "stop". He quickly applied the brakes, but the airplane collided with an airplane stopped on the taxiway, holding short of the runway.

The chief pilot further reported that the flight instructor was imputing radio frequencies and was unaware that the pilot was also looking inside the airplane. The instructor looked up just in time to hear the backseat passenger yell "stop" and see the collision.

The safety coordinator of the flight school that operated the stopped airplane reported that, while holding short of the runway and performing the before takeoff checklist, the flight instructor and pilot receiving instruction felt a hard impact from the rear.

The stopped airplane sustained substantial damage to the elevator.

The safety coordinator and chief pilot both reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with their respective airplanes that would have precluded normal operation. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot receiving instruction's failure to see and avoid an airplane holding short of the runway on the taxiway and the flight instructor's lack of situational awareness. 

Findings

Personnel issues
Situational awareness - Instructor/check pilot (Cause)
Monitoring other aircraft - Student pilot (Cause)
Task monitoring/vigilance - Student pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Taxi

Ground collision (Defining event)

Location: Brunswick, GA
Accident Number: GAA18CA198B
Date & Time: 02/21/2018, 2120 EST
Registration: N987TS
Aircraft: DIAMOND AIRCRAFT IND INC DA 42
Aircraft Damage: Minor
Defining Event: Ground collision
Injuries: 3 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Instructional 

The Chief Pilot of the flight school that operated the multi-engine airplane reported that the pilot-receiving-instruction was taxiing the airplane to runway at the non-tower-controlled airport and was "heads-in" looking down and researching information on his iPad when he heard someone yell, "Stop!". He quickly applied the brakes, but the airplane collided with an airplane stopped on the taxiway, holding short of the runway.

The Chief Pilot further reported that the flight instructor was imputing radio frequencies and was unaware that the pilot was also looking inside the airplane. The instructor looked up just in time to hear the backseat passenger yell "stop," and see the collision.

The Safety Coordinator of the flight school that operated the stopped airplane reported that, while holding short of the runway and performing the before takeoff checklist, the flight instructor and pilot-receiving-instruction felt a hard impact from the rear.

The stopped airplane sustained substantial damage to the elevator.

The Safety Coordinator and Chief Pilot both reported that there were no preaccident mechanical failures or malfunctions with their respective airplanes that would have precluded normal operation. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 22
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 11/28/2016
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/20/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 271 hours (Total, all aircraft), 30 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Flight Instructor Information

Certificate: Flight Instructor; Commercial
Age: 24, Female
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 4-point
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Multi-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 10/05/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/22/2017
Flight Time: (Estimated) 1145 hours (Total, all aircraft), 91 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: DIAMOND AIRCRAFT IND INC
Registration: N987TS
Model/Series: DA 42 UNDESIGNATED
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2007
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 42.AC088
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 03/14/2018, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 3953 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 1816.8 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: Thielert
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: TAE125-02-99
Registered Owner: FALCON AVIATION ACADEMY LLC
Rated Power: 135 hp
Operator: FALCON AVIATION ACADEMY LLC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot School (141) 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSSI, 24 ft msl
Observation Time: 0153 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 186°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 20°C / 19°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 8 knots, 120°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.42 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: ATLANTA, GA (CCO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Brunswick, GA (SSI)
Type of Clearance: IFR; VFR
Departure Time: 1745 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: MCKINNON ST SIMONS ISLAND (SSI)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 18 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: None 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Minor
Passenger Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 3 None

Latitude, Longitude:  31.155556, -81.390556 (est)

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