Saturday, June 23, 2018

Cessna 182Q, N7506S: Accident occurred August 08, 2015 at Ingalls Field Airport (KHSP), Hot Springs, Bath County, Virginia

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Richmond, Virginia

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Hot Springs, VA
Accident Number: ERA15LA300
Date & Time: 08/08/2015, 1015 EDT
Registration: N7506S
Aircraft: CESSNA 182
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Powerplant sys/comp malf/fail
Injuries: 2 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On August 8, 2015, at 1015 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 182Q, N7506S, was substantially damaged when it nosed over after a runway excursion at the Ingalls Field Airport (HSP), Hot Springs, Virginia. The private pilot and passenger received minor injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the planned flight to Lonesome Pine Airport (LNP), Wise, Virginia. The flight was originating at the time of the accident. The personal flight was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, the passenger was his brother and recently bought the airplane to learn how to fly in it. The airplane sat for about 6 years prior to the purchase. After the purchase, a fuel tank bladder was replaced and the airplane was ferried uneventfully from New Jersey to HSP on August 6, 2015. After landing, the airplane was fueled with 45 gallons of 100 low-lead aviation gasoline and sat until the accident flight as the pilot was waiting for weather to improve.

The pilot further stated that after takeoff, the airplane climbed to about 100 feet above ground level (agl) and then the "rpm dropped." He lowered the nose, landed on the runway but was unable to stop on the remaining runway. The airplane went down an embankment and then nosed over.

A witness observed the airplane on its takeoff roll on runway 25 (5,600 ft long) prior to the accident. He stated that the airplane lifted off about 2,500 ft down the runway and climbed to an altitude of about 200 ft agl when it "failed to gain altitude." He said the engine had an audible "sputter" and the airplane then landed back on the runway, went off the end and flipped over.

Another witness reported that prior to the accident takeoff, the pilot made an initial takeoff attempt, aborted, and taxied back. The engine was then shutdown, restarted and sounded as if a run-up was performed, and then the accident takeoff occurred.

A Federal Aviation Administration inspector examined the airplane at the accident scene. The airplane came to rest inverted, with substantial damage to the left wing, empennage and vertical stabilizer. The nosewheel assembly was found separated from the strut. Flight control continuity was confirmed from the cockpit controls to the aileron, elevator and rudder, and no anomalies noted with the brakes or nose wheel steering. The engine crankshaft continuity was confirmed to the rear accessory gears. Thumb compression and suction was confirmed on all cylinders. The fuel strainer was absent of water or sediment. The left magneto produced spark on all towers when rotated by hand. The right magneto did not produce spark when rotated by hand.

The right magneto was disassembled and no mechanical anomalies were noted, but an electrical defect could not be discounted. Additionally, fuel sampled by the pilot from the airplane's right wing exhibited a green tint, and green stains were present on the right side of the fuselage just aft of the door and on the right landing gear strut. The pilot did not report any green tint in the fuel sampled from the left wing, nor was any noted during postaccident examination of the fuel in the fuel strainer. The fuel selector was found in the LEFT fuel tank position. There was no evidence of fuel contamination during the uneventful flight from New Jersey to HSP.

Fuel samples taken by airport personnel from another airplane that had recently been fueled, did not exhibit a green tint. The fuel source was sampled and submitted for laboratory testing by airport personnel, the results were normal.

The airplane was manufactured in 1976 and powered by a Continental O-470, 230-horsepower engine. The airplane logbooks were not recovered. At the time of the accident, the airplane had not had a current annual inspection, nor was a ferry permit issued for the trip from New Jersey to the pilot's home airport.

The 1010 weather observation at HSP included wind from 090 at 4 knots, 10 miles visibility, cloud ceiling broken at 1000 ft AGL, overcast at 4600 ft AGL, temperature 66F, dewpoint 63F, altimeter setting 30.09 inches of mercury. The field elevation at HSP is 3793 feet above mean sea level. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 55, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 None
Last FAA Medical Exam: 04/16/1998
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time: 361 hours (Total, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N7506S
Model/Series: 182 Q
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1976
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18265199
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  Unknown
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
Engine Model/Series: O-470 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KHSP, 3793 ft msl
Observation Time: 1410 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 81°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Temperature/Dew Point: 19°C / 17°C
Lowest Ceiling: Broken / 1000 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 4 knots, 90°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Hot Springs, VA (HSP)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: WISE, VA (LNP)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1015 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 3793 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 25
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5600 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  37.946667, -79.843333 (est)

1 comment:

  1. KHSP is not a place to play around with a weak engine, an un-inspected airframe or too much load.

    Both ends of the airport end in a 600 ft deep (or more) ravine much like Beckley WVA.

    By far, it is one of the most performance challenging airports in VA.