Wednesday, February 21, 2018

Cessna 182L Skylane, N42411, registered to and operated by the pilot: Fatal accident occurred April 24, 2016 in Carrollton, Carroll County, Ohio

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Analysis 

The pilot was conducting a personal flight under day visual meteorological conditions. Federal Aviation Administration air traffic control (ATC) radar data depicted the airplane about 0.5 mile northwest of the departure airport. It proceeded on a northeasterly course toward the destination airport and subsequently turned to the southeast before becoming established on a southwesterly course. After proceeding about 3 miles, the airplane reversed to a northwesterly course, and ultimately turned to a southwesterly course. The airplane impacted a wooded ravine about 0.5 mile south of the final radar data point. Variations in the airplane's groundspeed and altitude during the maneuvers was consistent with controlled and powered flight. There were no witnesses to the accident. The site was ultimately located about 5 days after the accident following a ground search based, in part, on ATC radar data. An examination of the airframe and engine did not reveal any anomalies consistent with a preimpact failure or malfunction. Toxicology testing found no drugs, and the presence of ethanol in urine but not blood suggests that the ethanol was from sources other than ingestion. 

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
An in-flight collision with trees and terrain for reasons that could not be determined because no anomalies consistent with a preimpact failure or malfunction were observed during the examination. 

Findings

Not determined
Not determined - Unknown/Not determined (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Maneuvering
Unknown or undetermined (Defining event)
Collision with terr/obj (non-CFIT)

"Bill"
Willard C. Olds
March 28, 1933 ~ April 24, 2016 (age 83)
Served in the U.S. Navy
Bill had a love for flying and his passion was flying his Cessna 182L Skylane.

"Killer"
Pictured is Willard Olds' poodle Killer, age 10, which survived the plane crash that claimed Olds.  Killer lived for 5 days in the wreckage and he's doing fine.  Killer was found under a seat in the plane wreckage. “They brought him out to me,” Sheriff Dale R. Williams of Carroll County said. “I called one of my employees who took the dog to a local veterinarian to have him checked out. He had some injuries, but is expected to be fine.”


The National Transportation Safety Board traveled to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities: 


Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Columbus, Ohio

Textron Aviation; Wichita, Kansas Aviation 

Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf 


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


Bill C.  Olds:   http://registry.faa.gov/N42411

Location: Carrollton, OH
Accident Number: CEN16FA169
Date & Time: 04/24/2016, 1815 EDT
Registration: N42411
Aircraft: CESSNA 182L
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Unknown or undetermined
Injuries: 1 Fatal
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On April 24, 2016, about 1815 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 182L airplane, N42411, was substantially damaged during an in-flight collision with trees and terrain near Carrollton, Ohio. The pilot was fatally injured. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was not operated on a flight plan. The flight originated from the Carroll County – Tolson Airport (TSO), Carrollton, Ohio, about 1800. The intended destination was the Salem Airpark (38D), Salem, Ohio.

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air traffic control radar data depicted an aircraft about 0.5 mile northwest of TSO at 1801:58. The aircraft proceeded on a northeasterly course in the general direction of 38D, climbing to approximately 3,250 ft mean sea level (msl) and reaching a ground speed of about 140 knots. The ground speed began to decrease and the aircraft turned to the southeast. During this time, the groundspeed and altitude gradually decreased to about 70 knots and 1,700 ft msl, respectively. The radar data then indicated a turn to the northwest, followed by a turn to the southwest. During this time, the groundspeed and altitude increased to about 95 knots and 2,000 ft msl, respectively. The aircraft subsequently turned to northeast, approximately reversing course. The groundspeed and altitude increased during this segment to about 108 knots and 2,500 ft msl, respectively. The radar data then indicated a gradual descent and decrease in groundspeed before the aircraft turned to the south-southeast. The final data point was recorded during that segment at 1815:44, with a corresponding groundspeed of 71 knots and an altitude of 1,525 ft msl. The final data point was located about 0.5 mile north of the accident site.

No witnesses to the accident were identified. An alert notice (ALNOT) was issued on April 28th when efforts to locate the pilot were not successful. Information obtained from the pilot's cellular phone service provider and FAA radar data assisted the ground search that located the accident airplane on April 29th. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 83, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: Yes
Medical Certification: None
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:  2800 hours (Total, all aircraft), 2000 hours (Total, this make and model) 

The pilot's logbook was recovered at the accident site. It listed eight individual flights ranging from 0.32 hour to 0.84 hour in duration. The final entry was dated April 24, 2016, the day of the accident. The departure and destination airports for the final entry were 38D and TSO, respectively. The logbook did not contain any flight time brought forward from a previous logbook, nor did it include a flight review endorsement.

The pilot's most recent FAA medical certificate was issued in June 2012 and was no longer valid. It included a limitation for corrective lenses. At that time, the pilot reported a total flight time of 2,800 hours. No subsequent medical certificate applications were on file with the FAA.

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N42411
Model/Series: 182L
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1968
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 18259007
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 06/01/2015, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2348 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 2943 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: CONT MOTOR
ELT: C91  installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-470-R
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 230 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

According to FAA registration records, the pilot purchased the accident airplane in March 1976. Airplane maintenance records were not available to the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). The pilot's logbook included a notation, "ann[u]al due 6-15-16." A local mechanic reported performing an annual inspection on the airplane in June 2015. 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PHD, 894 ft msl
Observation Time: 1753 EDT
Distance from Accident Site: 22 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 247°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 21°C / -2°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 5 knots, 200°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting:  30 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Carrollton, OH (TSO)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Salem, OH (38D)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  1800 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Airport: Carroll Cty - Tolson Arpt (TSO)
Runway Surface Type:
Airport Elevation: 1164 ft
Runway Surface Condition:
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing:  Unknown





Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Fatal
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Fatal
Latitude, Longitude:  40.610833, -80.974444 

The accident site was located in a wooded ravine about 5.5 miles northeast of TSO. The airplane came to rest upright about 100 feet from the edge of the woods on a 200-degree magnetic heading. A clearing was located north of the accident site. The elevation of the clearing was about 24 ft above that of the accident site.

A postaccident examination was conducted by the NTSB investigator-in-charge and FAA inspectors, with the assistance of a representative of the airframe manufacturer. The examination did not reveal any anomalies consistent with a preimpact failure or malfunction. A detailed summary of the examination is included in the docket associated with the investigation. 

Medical And Pathological Information

An autopsy of the pilot was performed at the Stark County Coroner's Office. The pilot's death was attributed to blunt force injuries sustained in the accident. Toxicology testing performed by the FAA Bioaeronautical Research Sciences Laboratory was negative for all drugs in the testing profile. No carbon monoxide or ethanol was detected in blood specimens; 10 mg/dL ethanol was detected in urine specimens. 

Tests And Research

A Lowrance AirMap 600c handheld GPS units was recovered at the accident site. Position data (latitude and longitude) were downloaded from the unit. However, the GPS unit did not record any other parameters such as date, time, or altitude. The downloaded data appeared to be comprised of four distinct segments; two segments appeared to correspond to flights between TSO and 38D. A tabular listing of the GPS data is included in the docket associated with this investigation.






NTSB Identification: CEN16FA169
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Sunday, April 24, 2016 in Carrollton, OH
Aircraft: CESSNA 182L, registration: N42411
Injuries: 1 Fatal.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On April 24, 2016, about 1815 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 182L airplane, N42411, was substantially damaged during an in-flight collision with trees and terrain near Carrollton, Ohio. The pilot was fatally injured. The aircraft was registered to and operated by pilot under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 as a personal flight. Day visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight, which was not operated on a flight plan. The flight originated from the Carroll County – Tolson Airport (TSO), Carrollton, Ohio, about 1800. The intended destination was the Salem Airpark (38D), Salem, Ohio.

The accident airplane was unaccounted for several days after the accident. A review of air traffic control radar data and information obtained from the pilot's cellular phone service provider resulted in a ground search that ultimately located the accident airplane on April 29th.

The accident site was located in a wooded, ravine about 5.5 miles northeast of TSO. The airplane came to rest upright on an approximate 200 degree magnetic heading. The engine and engine cowling were partially separated from the airframe; the propeller remained securely attached to the engine. The cockpit and cabin areas were compromised; the aft fuselage was deformed. The outboard portion of the left wing was separated near mid-span and located adjacent to the wreckage. The right wing was dislocated, but remained attached to the airframe. Both wing exhibited leading edge crushing. The empennage remained attached to the aft fuselage. All flight control surfaces remained attached to the airframe. Separations in the aileron control cables appeared consistent with overstress separations; elevator and rudder control continuity was confirmed from the control surfaced to the cockpit controls.

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