Wednesday, January 24, 2018

Cessna 172P Skyhawk II, N64204: Accident occurred January 20, 2018 at Cloverdale Municipal Airport (O60), Sonoma County, California

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Oakland, California

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf


Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms


http://registry.faa.gov/N64204

Location: Cloverdale, CA
Accident Number: WPR18CA072
Date & Time: 01/20/2018, 1300 PST
Registration: N64204
Aircraft: CESSNA 172P
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Loss of control in flight
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

Analysis 

The private pilot reported that he intended to make two full-stop landings before returning to his home base. The pilot entered the traffic pattern and announced his position as he maneuvered to final approach. The pilot stated that the approach was stable but appeared to be short. He added power and adjusted the pitch for the projected touchdown point beyond the displaced threshold. When the airplane was over the displaced threshold, the stability of the approach was lost. The pilot suspected a swirl of wind or updraft was encountered as the wing raised more than he expected from previous landings at this airport. The pilot tried to regain the runway centerline and level the wings; however, he was unsuccessful. The pilot then made a radio transmission that he was going around. He applied power and raised the flaps (he reported that his intention was to extend the flaps 20o; however, postaccident, the flap position was fully retracted). The airplane rolled to the left and contacted the ground, coming to rest inverted off the side of the runway.

The forward fuselage, left wing and vertical stabilizer were substantially damaged.

The pilot reported that there were no mechanical failures or malfunctions with the airplane or engine that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's failure to maintain airplane control during the approach and his delayed decision to go around. 

Findings

Personnel issues
Decision making/judgment - Pilot (Cause)
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)
Delayed action - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach-VFR go-around
Loss of control in flight (Defining event)
Attempted remediation/recovery

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 43, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: 3-point
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 09/07/2017
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/18/2017
Flight Time:  168.8 hours (Total, all aircraft), 28.2 hours (Total, this make and model), 72.4 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 5.2 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 0.6 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 0.6 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N64204
Model/Series: 172P
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1981
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17275534
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 12/28/2017, 100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2299 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 17517 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C91  installed, activated, did not aid in locating accident
Engine Model/Series: O-320-D
Registered Owner: STRATUS AVIATION SOLUTIONS LLC
Rated Power: 160 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSTS
Observation Time: 1253 PST
Distance from Accident Site: 18 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 125°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 14°C / 3°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility: 10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 9 knots, 340°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.15 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Santa Rosa, CA (KSTS)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Cloverdale, CA (O60)
Type of Clearance: VFR
Departure Time: 1245 PST
Type of Airspace: Class E

Airport Information

Airport: Cloverdale Municipal Airport (O60)
Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 276 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 32
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2909 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude: 38.776111, -122.992500

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