Saturday, July 1, 2017

Cessna 560, N22AF: Incident occurred November 28, 2016 at Salinas Municipal Airport (KSNS), Monterey County, California

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this incident.

Additional Participating Entity: 

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Jose, California

Registered to Bill Massa Company Incorporated


http://registry.faa.gov/N22AF

Aviation Incident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

Location: Salinas, CA
Incident Number: GAA17IA083
Date & Time: 11/28/2016, 2030 PST
Registration: N22AF
Aircraft: CESSNA 560
Aircraft Damage: Minor
Defining Event: Abrupt maneuver
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under:  Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

On November 28, 2016, at 2030 Pacific standard time, after landing and after transitioning from taxiway Foxtrot to a taxilane, a Cessna 560 airplane, N22AF, struck a helicopter, N530PJ, that was parked in a non-movement area at Salinas Municipal Airport, Salinas, California. The airplane sustained minor damage to the right-wing tip and the pilot was not injured, but the helicopter required major repair. The airplane was registered to Bill Massa Company Incorporated, Salinas, California, and operated under 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91, as a night, visual flight rules flight. The flight originated from Salinas, California and had returned to Salinas.

According to the pilot, he landed the airplane and taxied to his hangar. The pilot reported that he utilized taxiway Foxtrot and had made a right turn into the transient parking area heading southeast, via the taxilane. He recalled that he was concerned with remaining a safe distance from an airplane that was parked on the left side of the taxilane, and turned the airplane to the right, away from the taxilane centerline, and the airplane's right wing struck a helicopter that was parked on the right side of the taxilane.

Federal Aviation Administration, Advisory Circular 150/5300A, Airport Design, page 124, Table 4-1 Design standards based on Airplane Design Group (ADG), denotes that Salinas Municipal Airport is a Category B-II airport. B-II design standards denote a 57-foot, 5 inch Taxilane Object Free Area (TOFA), on either side of the taxilane centerline.

The airplane that the pilot attempted to avoid was parked on the left side of the taxilane centerline within the limits of the TOFA. The airport manager had authorized aircraft parking within the area of the TOFA. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Commercial
Age: 74, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied:
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): Airplane Single-engine
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/16/2017
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:   0 hours (Total, all aircraft), 0 hours (Total, this make and model) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Manufacturer: CESSNA
Registration: N22AF
Model/Series: 560 CITATION
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1991
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 560-0129
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 9
Date/Type of Last Inspection:
Certified Max Gross Wt.:  16300 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer:  P&W CANADA
ELT:
Engine Model/Series: JT15D-5
Registered Owner: BILL MASSA CO INC
Rated Power: 374 lbs
Operator: BILL MASSA CO INC
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None 

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Night
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSNS, 77 ft msl
Observation Time: 0453 UTC
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Direction from Accident Site: 313°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Temperature/Dew Point: 10°C / 6°C
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility:  10 Miles
Wind Speed/Gusts, Direction: 5 knots, 250°
Visibility (RVR):
Altimeter Setting: 30.03 inches Hg
Visibility (RVV):
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point:  Salinas, CA (SNS)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Salinas, CA (SNS)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time:  PST
Type of Airspace: Class D 

Airport Information

Airport:  SALINAS MUNI (SNS)
Runway Surface Type: N/A
Airport Elevation: 84 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: N/A
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width:
VFR Approach/Landing: None

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Minor
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None

Latitude, Longitude:  36.662778, -121.606389 (est)

NTSB Identification: GAA17IA083 
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Incident occurred Monday, November 28, 2016 in Salinas, CA
Aircraft: CESSNA 560, registration: N22AF
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators used data provided by various sources and may not have traveled in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft incident report.

On November 28, 2016, at 2030 Pacific standard time, a Cessna 560 airplane, N22AF, struck a helicopter that was parked in designated transient parking area at Salinas Municipal Airport, Salinas, California. The airplane sustained minor damage to the right wing and the pilot was not injured, but the helicopter required major repair. The airplane was registered to Bill Massa Company Incorporated, Salinas, and operated under 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91, as a visual flight rules flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the flight. The flight originated from Salinas, California and had returned to Salinas, California.

During the incident investigation the pilot reported that he turned to the right to avoid an airplane that was too close to the taxi lane centerline. There is a specific distance from the taxi lane centerline that obstacles must remain clear of. The area is defined as the Taxiway/Taxi lane Object Free Area (TOFA). The airplane that the pilot attempted to avoid and the helicopter that was struck, occupied the TOFA. The dimensions of the TOFA do not appear to meet Federal Aviation Administration Airport Design standards, specifically Airport Certification requirements specified per Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 139. 

The investigation is continuing.

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