Saturday, September 03, 2022

Piper PA-28-180, N3331R: Incident occurred August 18, 2022 and Accident occurred September 15, 2016

National Transportation Safety Board - Accident Number: CEN22LA399

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Indianapolis, Indiana 

August 18, 2022:  Aircraft on landing and went off runway and nose gear collapsed at Sullivan County Airport (KSIV),  Indiana.

Date: 18-AUG-22
Time: 23:00:00Z
Regis#: N3331R
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA28
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91

September 15, 2016

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board 

Investigator In Charge (IIC): Vanover, Jackie

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:
Victor Liberatore;  Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Des Plaines, Illinois

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Valparaiso, Indiana 
Accident Number: GAA16CA491
Date and Time: September 15, 2016, 15:30 Local
Registration: N3331R
Aircraft: Piper PA 28-180 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Hard landing 
Injuries: 2 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Personal


The pilot reported that during the landing touchdown the airplane bounced on the main landing gear then nosed down and the propeller struck the ground.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the engine mount.

The pilot reported no preaccident mechanical malfunctions or failures with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's improper landing flare, which resulted in a bounced landing.


Aircraft Landing flare - Not attained/maintained
Personnel issues Aircraft control - Pilot

Factual Information

History of Flight

Landing Hard landing (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private 
Age: 76,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land 
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None 
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None 
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: None None 
Last FAA Medical Exam: September 16, 2014
Occupational Pilot: No 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent:
Flight Time:

Pilot-rated passenger Information

Certificate: Commercial; Flight instructor 
Age: 68,Male
Airplane Rating(s): 
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): 
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s):
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: None Without waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: December 4, 1997
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: September 8, 2016
Flight Time:

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Piper
Registration: N3331R
Model/Series: PA 28-180 180 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1969
Amateur Built:
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 28-5661
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: August 15, 2015 100 hour 
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2400 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 6000 Hrs at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Not installed Engine 
Model/Series: O-360-A2A
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 180 Horsepower
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: Pilot school (141)

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KVPZ,770 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 08:56 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 66°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear
Visibility 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None 
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 3 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  / None
Wind Direction: 50°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.23 inches Hg 
Temperature/Dew Point: 13°C / 12°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Valparaiso, IN (VPZ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Valparaiso, IN (VPZ)
Type of Clearance: Unknown
Departure Time: 13:00 Local
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 770 ft msl 
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 27 
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 7001 ft / 150 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop; Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 1 None 
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 2 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.45222,-87.008331(est)

September 15, 2016: Aircraft on landing sustained substantial damage at Porter County Regional Airport (KVPZ), Valparaiso, Indiana.

FAA Flight Standards District Office: FAA South Bend FSDO-17

Single Wingers Inc

Date: 15-SEP-16
Time: 20:30:00Z
Regis#: N3331R
Aircraft Make: PIPER
Aircraft Model: PA28
Event Type: Accident
Highest Injury: None
Damage: Substantial
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
State: Indiana

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