Sunday, February 28, 2021

Nosed Over: Cessna 175A Skylark, N7023E; accident occurred March 22, 2020 at Soldotna Airport ( PASX), Alaska


Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Juneau, Alaska

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Soldotna, Alaska 
Accident Number: ANC20CA036
Date & Time: March 22, 2020
Registration: N7023E
Aircraft: Cessna 175 
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Nose over/nose down 
Injuries: 1 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General aviation - Flight test


The pilot reported that, on the day of the accident, about 6 inches of fresh snow covered the runway's surface. He added that, during the approach to land, he lined up with what he thought was the appropriate runway, slowed the airplane, and applied flaps. Upon touchdown, the nosewheel "dug" into the snow, and the airplane nosed over. The pilot reported that he had unintentionally landed on the ski strip, which had accumulated about 2 ft of snow, and not the intended runway. The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's unintentional selection of the wrong landing surface, which was covered with 2 ft of snow and resulted in a nose-over.


Personnel issues Incorrect action selection - Pilot
Personnel issues Monitoring environment - Pilot
Environmental issues Snow/slush/ice covered surface - Effect on operation
Aircraft Pitch control - Not attained/maintained

Factual Information

History of Flight

Approach Miscellaneous/other
Landing-flare/touchdown Wrong surface or wrong airport
Landing-flare/touchdown Nose over/nose down (Defining event)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline transport; Private
Age: 46,Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine land; Single-engine sea; Multi-engine land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): Helicopter 
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None 
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 2 With waivers/limitations 
Last FAA Medical Exam: May 1, 2019
Occupational Pilot: Yes 
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: December 1, 2019
Flight Time: (Estimated) 23000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 200 hours (Total, this make and model), 22700 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 400 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 120 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna 
Registration: N7023E
Model/Series: 175 A 
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1960 
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal 
Serial Number: 56523
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: Unknown 
Certified Max Gross Wt.:
Time Since Last Inspection: 
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
Engine Model/Series: GO-300
Registered Owner: 
Rated Power: 145 Horsepower
Operator: On file 
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual (VMC)
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: PASX,113 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 19:56 Local
Direction from Accident Site: 314°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Clear 
Visibility: 10 miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 7 knots / 
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:  /
Wind Direction: 80° 
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:  /
Altimeter Setting: 30.48 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 1°C / -6°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Soldotna, AK (SXQ)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: Soldotna, AK (SXQ)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Dirt; Gravel; Ice;Snow
Airport Elevation: 113 ft msl
Runway Surface Condition: Snow
Runway Used: 7S IFR 
Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2300 ft / 60 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full stop;Traffic pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries:
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 60.475276,-151.032501(est)

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