Friday, December 06, 2019

Runway Excursion: Cessna 525B CitationJet CJ3+, N518AR; accident occurred October 13, 2016 at North Central State Airport (KSFZ), Smithfield, Providence County, Rhode Island

Intermittent skid marks exiting runway 5. 
Federal Aviation Administration 

 View of the left side of the airplane resting on slope. 
Federal Aviation Administration 

 The tail and left wing of the airplane visible behind the approach lighting.
 Federal Aviation Administration

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Boston, Massachusetts

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:


Location: Pawtucket, RI
Accident Number: ERA17LA014
Date & Time: 10/13/2016, 1000 EDT
Registration: N518AR
Aircraft: CESSNA 525
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Runway excursion
Injuries: 6 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Business 

On October 13, 2016, about 1000 eastern daylight time, a Cessna 525B, N518AR, was substantially damaged during a runway excursion at North Central State Airport (SFZ), Pawtucket, Rhode Island. The commercial and airline transport pilots, and four passengers were not injured. The airplane departed Allegheny County Airport (AGC), Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, about 0900. The airplane was registered to A R Wings LLC and operated as a Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 business flight. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed and an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan was filed for the personal flight.

According to a written statement provided by the commercial pilot (pilot flying), they departed from AGC around 0900. The reported weather conditions at SFZ included a 200-foot ceiling, ½ to 1-mile visibility. They elected to conduct an instrument approach to runway 5. Upon breaking out of the clouds at an altitude of 850 feet, the flight crew "…saw runway could not stop. Brakes and tires not gripping the runway. Hit a fence and went into the ground."

During a postaccident interview the pilot stated that the weather at SFZ was below approach minimums, but the crew elected to fly the instrument approach to and see if they could break out of the clouds. The airplane subsequently broke out of the clouds at an altitude of 800 to 850 ft mean sea level (msl). The pilot further stated that during the approach the airplane's airspeed was, "a little too fast" at 130 to 135 knots. After touching down he "slammed on the brakes" and the anti-skid system engaged. The pilot felt like the brakes were not working as they were supposed to and said that they felt, "a little spongy."

The non-flying pilot stated that during the landing, both pilots were applying the brakes. He stated it appeared that the brakes and the anti-skid system were working.

A witness, who was also a pilot, was at SFZ on the morning of the accident. Between 0900 and 1030, he was standing in the main hangar at the airport waiting for the fog to lift in order to depart in his single-engine airplane for an IFR flight. He estimated that the airport weather observation-reported ceiling of 200 feet agl was accurate by watching another airplane depart. He watched as the accident airplane broke out of the clouds on approach to runway 5. He thought that the airplane appeared "high" as it crossed the runway threshold and estimated that the airplane was "well above the surface" as it passed the touchdown zone of the runway. As the airplane passed directly in front of his location, located about 2,100 feet down the runway, the airplane's wheels were about 20 to 30 feet above the surface. He then began shouting, "Go around! Go around!," knowing that only half of the runway remained. The airplane touched down on the runway near the B4 taxiway, or with about 2,000 feet of runway remaining. He did not hear the sound of thrust reversers, screeching brakes, nor an impact. As he started to look for the airplane he saw an airport vehicle as it proceeded to the accident site.

Runway 5 at SFZ was 5,000 feet-long by 100 feet-wide, and the airport was located at an elevation of 441 msl.

Based on data from the Aircraft Flight Manual the airplane's calculated landing distance would have been 2,650 ft. The calculated approach speed, Vapp, would have been 114 knots indicated airspeed (KIAS). The Vref speed, or threshold crossing speed, would have been 105 knots KIAS. These calculations were based on zero wind conditions and the use of the ground flaps after touchdown.

Postaccident examination of the airplane by an FAA inspector revealed that it had struck several localizer antenna located beyond the departure end of runway 5, the came to rest is trees and bushes located about 20 feet down an embankment. The airplane's wings and fuselage sustained substantial damage to the right aileron and wing tip, left wing leading edge, and nose landing gear. Cursory examination of the brakes and hydraulic brake lines revealed no evidence of any preimpact anomalies. Additionally, the inspector observed intermittent tire skid marks near the departure end of the runway.

The pilot held a commercial certificate with single-pilot type ratings for the Cessna CE-525 airplane. His most recent third-class medical certificate was issued on January 2, 2015. The pilot reported 8,000 hours of flight experience, of which 400 hours were in the accident make and model.

The airline transport pilot in the right seat held single-pilot type ratings for the Cessna CE-525 airplane. He was the non-flying pilot for the accident flight and described that generally his role was to be primarily responsible for flight planning and would fly alternate flying legs with the pilot. He reported 6,000 hours of flight experience, and 700 hours in the accident airplane make and model. His most recent third-class medical certificate was issued on June 19, 2016.

At 1023, the weather reported at SFZ included wind calm; visibility 3 statute miles in mist, an overcast ceiling at 200 feet; temperature, 15° C; dew point, 14° C; and a barometric altimeter setting of 30.09 inHg. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial; Private
Age: 79, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 01/02/2015
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 11/09/2015
Flight Time:  8000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 400 hours (Total, this make and model), 8000 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft)

Co-Pilot Information

Certificate: Airline Transport; Flight Instructor; Commercial; Military; Private
Age: 44, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s):  Airplane Multi-engine; Airplane Single-engine; Instrument Airplane
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 Without Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 07/19/2016
Occupational Pilot: Yes
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 07/01/2016
Flight Time:  6000 hours (Total, all aircraft), 700 hours (Total, this make and model), 2500 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 50 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 30 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: CESSNA
Registration: N518AR
Model/Series: 525 B
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 2014
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Commuter
Serial Number: 525B0412
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 10/07/2016, Continuous Airworthiness
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 13750 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 2 Turbo Fan
Airframe Total Time: 748 Hours as of last inspection
Engine Manufacturer: WILLIAMS
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: FJ44-3A
Registered Owner: A R WINGS LLC
Rated Power: 3000 lbs
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Instrument Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSFZ, 441 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 1 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1423 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 206°
Lowest Cloud Condition:
Visibility:  3 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: Overcast / 200 ft agl
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.09 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 15°C / 14°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: Moderate - Mist
Departure Point: Pittsburg, PA (AGC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Pawtucket, RI (SFZ)
Type of Clearance: IFR
Departure Time: 0900 EDT
Type of Airspace: 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 440 ft
Runway Surface Condition:Dry 
Runway Used: 05
IFR Approach:RNAV 
Runway Length/Width: 5000 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Full Stop

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 4 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 6 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.929167, -71.485278

1 comment:

  1. I sense there could be several pilots out of a job after this landing.