Saturday, November 09, 2019

Smoke (Non-Impact): Starduster SA-100, N1356W; accident occurred September 15, 2017 in Southfields, Orange County, New York

Main wreckage, overview
Federal Aviation Administration

Right side view
Federal Aviation Administration

Left side view
Federal Aviation Administration

View from tail 
Federal Aviation Administration

The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entity:

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Saddle Brook, New Jersey

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Southfields, NY
Accident Number: ERA17LA338
Date & Time: 09/15/2017, 1311 EDT
Registration: N1356W
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fire/smoke (non-impact)
Injuries:1 None 
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal

On September 15, 2017, about 1311 eastern daylight time, an experimental amateur-built Starduster SA100, N1356W, was substantially damaged during a precautionary landing near Southfields, New York. The private pilot was not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the personal flight that departed Chester Airport (SNC), Chester, Connecticut, and was destined for Warwick Municipal Airport (N72), Warwick, New York. The airplane was operated under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

According to the pilot, he was flying on a short cross-country flight to N72, when during cruise flight at 2,500 ft mean sea level, he noticed smoke coming from the engine cowling. He was 7 miles from his destination, but decided to land immediately due to a possible fire. He saw an open field that he could land the airplane in; however, during touchdown he noticed the grass was about 5 ft tall. The airplane immediately cartwheeled upon touchdown and came to rest at a 45° nose-down attitude. Once he removed the airplane from the field and back to his residence, he noticed a loose oil line fitting at the oil cooler and oil dripping on the exhaust system. He stated there were no mechanical issues with the airplane other than the oil leak.

Examination of the wreckage by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the airplane had sustained damage to the landing gear, right upper wing, rudder and vertical stabilizer. He also noticed an oil line that was loose, and observed a large amount of oil in the engine compartment and that oil had been leaking on the exhaust.

Review of the maintenance records revealed that the airplane's most recent conditional inspection was completed on February 14, 2017 and it had accumulated 586 total hours of service at that time.

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age:57, Male 
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Single
Other Aircraft Rating(s):None 
Restraint Used:
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Sport Pilot
Last FAA Medical Exam:
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 05/26/2016
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 870 hours (Total, all aircraft), 21 hours (Total, this make and model), 810 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 8 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 1 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: PARKS RICHARD A
Registration: N1356W
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1982
Amateur Built: Yes
Airworthiness Certificate: Experimental
Serial Number: RAP-02
Landing Gear Type: Tailwheel
Seats: 1
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 02/14/2017, Condition
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 1290 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection: 20 Hours
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 610 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: Not installed
Engine Model/Series: O-290 SERIES
Registered Owner: On file
Rated Power: 125 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSWF, 491 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 13 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1645 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 9°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 1500 ft agl
Visibility:  10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling: None
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: Calm /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual:
Wind Direction:
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual:
Altimeter Setting: 30.08 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 23°C / 20°C
Precipitation and Obscuration:
Departure Point: CHESTER, CT (SNC)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: None
Destination: WARWICK, NY (N72)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1200 EDT
Type of Airspace: Class E 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 None
Latitude, Longitude: 41.284444, -74.144722 (est)

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