Friday, November 2, 2018

Cessna 172G Skyhawk, N3984L: Accident occurred November 01, 2018 near Cleburne Regional Airport (KCPT), Johnson County, Texas

Additional Participating Entity: 
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Irving, Texas 

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Cleburne, TX
Accident Number: GAA19CA048
Date & Time: 11/01/2018, 1400 CDT
Registration: N3984L
Aircraft: Cessna 172
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel exhaustion
Injuries: 1 Minor
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Personal 

The newly certificated pilot reported that during a cross country flight, he hadn't considered the engine's fuel burn for touch and goes or headwinds, and during the final approach to the destination airport, the engine lost power. Due to homes that were in line with the approach end of the runway, instead of continuing to the runway, he decided to perform an emergency landing in a field. During the off-airport landing, the airplane "slid" and came to rest in trees.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the left wing.

During the post-accident examination, a Federal Aviation Administration inspector reported that, the fuel gauges read zero, and that there was no fuel in the right fuel tank and only 10 ounces were recovered from the left fuel tank. Additional fuel was added to the airplane and the engine started and operated normally. He added that, after speaking to the pilot, the pilot "basically admitted" that he did not properly monitor the engine's fuel consumption. 

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 25, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Lap Only
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: No
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 08/20/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 10/26/2018
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 62 hours (Total, all aircraft), 62 hours (Total, this make and model), 22 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 41 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 20 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft) 

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: Cessna
Registration: N3984L
Model/Series: 172 G
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1966
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 17254153
Landing Gear Type: Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection:  100 Hour
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2500 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time:
Engine Manufacturer: Continental
ELT: Installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: O-300-C
Registered Owner: Rick L. Hazen
Rated Power: 145 hp
Operator: On file
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KCPT, 854 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 0 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 1915 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 227°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 5000 ft agl
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 11 knots /
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: None / None
Wind Direction: 360°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: N/A / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 29.95 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 16°C / 5°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point:  Mineral Wells, TX (MWL)
Type of Flight Plan Filed:  None
Destination: Cleburne, TX (CPT)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1330 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class G

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 854 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 33
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 5697 ft / 100 ft
VFR Approach/Landing: Forced Landing; Full Stop; Traffic Pattern 

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 1 Minor
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 1 Minor
Latitude, Longitude:  32.355833, -97.431667 (est)

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