Friday, April 20, 2018

Mooney M20F Executive, N3535X: Incident occurred June 16, 2019 at Rafter J Airport (3TX9), Burleson, Johnson County, Texas and Accident occurred April 19, 2018 at Bulverde Airpark (1T8), San Antonio, Texas

Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; North Texas 

June 16, 2019:  Aircraft veered off runway upon landing.

Date: 16-JUN-19
Time: 20:22:00Z
Regis#: N3535X
Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Aircraft Model: M20
Event Type: INCIDENT
Highest Injury: NONE
Aircraft Missing: No
Activity: PERSONAL
Flight Phase: LANDING (LDG)
Operation: 91
State: TEXAS

Additional Participating Entity:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; San Antonio, Texas

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board:

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board:

Aviation Accident Data Summary - National Transportation Safety Board:

Location: Bulverde, TX
Accident Number: GAA18CA233
Date & Time: 04/19/2018, 1655 CDT
Registration: N3535X
Aircraft: MOONEY M20F
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Defining Event: Fuel starvation
Injuries: 4 None
Flight Conducted Under: Part 91: General Aviation - Ferry 


According to the pilot who occupied the right front seat, during the flight, the engine started to run roughly. He added that, during landing, the airplane was fast and high, and it touched down about 1,200 ft past the approach end of the 2,890-ft-long runway. A pilot-rated passenger occupied the left front seat, which was the only position configured with brakes. The pilot-rated passenger applied the brakes during the landing roll, and the pilot maneuvered the airplane to exit the left side of the runway to avoid a runway overrun and impact with a fence. The airplane exited the left side of the runway, the right main landing gear collapsed, and the airplane subsequently skidded to a stop in the grass safety area.

The airplane sustained substantial damage to the aft section of the fuselage.

During an interview with the National Transportation Safety Board investigator-in-charge, a flight instructor, who was seated in the rear of the airplane during the flight, reported that the airplane touched down about 100 knots with between 40 and 60 percent of the runway remaining.

According to the manufacturer's airplane operator manual, the minimum runway landing roll distance at sea level is 785 ft when the ground speed is 70 knots.

The METAR at the airport reported that, about the time of the accident, the wind was from 07° at 12 knots, gusting to 17 knots. The airport field elevation was 789 ft, and the pilot landed the airplane on runway 34.

Probable Cause and Findings

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:
The pilot's unstabilized approach, which resulted in the airplane landing long and fast, and the pilot's subsequent decision to steer the airplane off the side of the runway to avoid a runway overrun.


Descent/approach/glide path - Not attained/maintained (Cause)
Airspeed - Not attained/maintained (Cause)

Personnel issues
Aircraft control - Pilot (Cause)

Factual Information

History of Flight

Fuel starvation (Defining event)

Landing-landing roll
Runway excursion

Pilot Information

Certificate: Commercial
Age: 50, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Multi-engine Land; Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied:Right
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): Airplane
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 3 None
Last FAA Medical Exam: 05/01/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 08/12/2017
Flight Time:  (Estimated) 1228.2 hours (Total, all aircraft), 308 hours (Total, this make and model), 1114 hours (Pilot In Command, all aircraft), 24 hours (Last 90 days, all aircraft), 13.5 hours (Last 30 days, all aircraft), 2 hours (Last 24 hours, all aircraft)

Pilot Information

Certificate: Private
Age: 17, Male
Airplane Rating(s): Single-engine Land
Seat Occupied: Left
Other Aircraft Rating(s): None
Restraint Used: Unknown
Instrument Rating(s): None
Second Pilot Present: Yes
Instructor Rating(s): None
Toxicology Performed: No
Medical Certification: Class 1 With Waivers/Limitations
Last FAA Medical Exam: 03/01/2018
Occupational Pilot: No
Last Flight Review or Equivalent: 04/05/2018
Flight Time: 70 hours (Total, all aircraft), 1 hours (Total, this make and model)

Aircraft and Owner/Operator Information

Aircraft Make: MOONEY
Registration: N3535X
Model/Series: M20F NO SERIES
Aircraft Category: Airplane
Year of Manufacture: 1966
Amateur Built: No
Airworthiness Certificate: Normal
Serial Number: 670072
Landing Gear Type: Retractable - Tricycle
Seats: 4
Date/Type of Last Inspection: 01/31/2018, Annual
Certified Max Gross Wt.: 2740 lbs
Time Since Last Inspection:
Engines: 1 Reciprocating
Airframe Total Time: 4475 Hours at time of accident
Engine Manufacturer: LYCOMING
ELT: C126 installed, not activated
Engine Model/Series: IO-360-A1A
Registered Owner: Zulu Aviation Corp.
Rated Power: 200 hp
Operator: Zulu Aviation Corp.
Operating Certificate(s) Held: None

Meteorological Information and Flight Plan

Conditions at Accident Site: Visual Conditions
Condition of Light: Day
Observation Facility, Elevation: KSAT, 789 ft msl
Distance from Accident Site: 12 Nautical Miles
Observation Time: 2151 UTC
Direction from Accident Site: 188°
Lowest Cloud Condition: Scattered / 25000 ft agl
Visibility: 10 Miles
Lowest Ceiling:
Visibility (RVR):
Wind Speed/Gusts: 12 knots / 17 knots
Turbulence Type Forecast/Actual: / None
Wind Direction: 70°
Turbulence Severity Forecast/Actual: / N/A
Altimeter Setting: 30.21 inches Hg
Temperature/Dew Point: 25°C / 2°C
Precipitation and Obscuration: No Obscuration; No Precipitation
Departure Point: Fort Worth, TX (FTW)
Type of Flight Plan Filed: IFR
Destination: Bulverde, TX (1T8)
Type of Clearance: None
Departure Time: 1515 CDT
Type of Airspace: Class E 

Airport Information

Runway Surface Type: Asphalt
Airport Elevation: 1080 ft
Runway Surface Condition: Dry
Runway Used: 34
IFR Approach: None
Runway Length/Width: 2890 ft / 40 ft
VFR Approach/Landing:  Forced Landing; Traffic Pattern

Wreckage and Impact Information

Crew Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Damage: Substantial
Passenger Injuries: 2 None
Aircraft Fire: None
Ground Injuries: N/A
Aircraft Explosion: None
Total Injuries: 4 None
Latitude, Longitude:  29.739167, -98.451111 (est)

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