Monday, May 16, 2016

Piper PA-28-140, N7031R: Accident occurred May 16, 2016 at Homestead General Aviation Airport (X51), Homestead, Miami-Dade County, Florida

Aviation Accident Final Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

NTSB Identification: ERA16FA186
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, May 16, 2016 in Homestead, FL
Probable Cause Approval Date: 08/28/2017
Aircraft: PIPER PA28, registration: N7031R
Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The private pilot and the passenger, a friend who was previously a student pilot but never completed his training, were making their first flight together. The pilot, who sustained serious injuries, did not recall the accident. The passenger reported that the pilot took off from the departure airport and then transferred the controls to him and let him fly for a while. They flew to another airport, and the pilot made one touch-and-go landing on runway 36. During departure, the pilot again transferred control to the passenger and stated, "you make the next landing and I will watch you."

The passenger reported that he was trying to fly the airplane straight to the runway but drifting left due to a quartering tailwind, which was reported as 14 knots, gusting to 22 knots. The passenger tried to correct the flight path but was unable to align the airplane with the runway centerline. He did not remember if the pilot tried to help or not at any point before the airplane impacted the ground.

The airplane came to rest near midfield and about 340 ft left of the runway edge. Examination of the wreckage did not reveal evidence of any preimpact mechanical malfunctions that would have precluded normal operation. The pilot's (left front seat's) shoulder harness was torn in half at its midpoint. The distal 24 inches (the portion that did not normally retract into the inertia reel) of the webbing showed significant discoloration, fading, and stiffness. A significant section of abrasive wear was noted on the edges of the webbing about 15 to 21 inches from the distal end fitting; the shoulder harness separated in this worn section. The passenger's (right front seat's) shoulder harness was also discolored, faded, and stiff.

The manufacturer's maintenance manual for the airplane stated that an inspection of the seat belts is required during the annual and/or 100-hour inspection. The manual indicated that the belts are to be replaced if deteriorated or worn. Review of the airplane's maintenance logbooks found no records indicating that the seat belts were ever inspected or replaced. If the pilot's shoulder harness had been replaced, it would likely have secured him in his seat and minimized the severity of the injuries that he incurred.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows:
The pilot's improper decision to allow the passenger to attempt a landing, which resulted in a loss of control during landing with a quartering tailwind. Contributing to the severity of the pilot's injuries was the separation of the deteriorated shoulder harness.


The National Transportation Safety Board did not travel to the scene of this accident.

Additional Participating Entities:
Federal Aviation Administration / Flight Standards District Office; Miami, Florida
Lycoming; Atlanta, Georgia
Piper; Vero Beach, Florida

Aviation Accident Factual Report - National Transportation Safety Board: https://app.ntsb.gov/pdf

Investigation Docket - National Transportation Safety Board: https://dms.ntsb.gov/pubdms

http://registry.faa.gov/N7031R

NTSB Identification: ERA16FA186
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, May 16, 2016 in Homestead, FL
Aircraft: PIPER PA28, registration: N7031R
Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

HISTORY OF FLIGHT

On May 16, 2016, about 1646 eastern daylight time, a Piper PA-28-140, N7031R, impacted terrain during landing at Homestead General Aviation Airport (X51), Homestead, Florida. The airplane sustained substantial damage; the private pilot was seriously injured, and the passenger sustained minor injuries. The airplane was registered to and operated by the pilot as a personal flight conducted under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the flight that departed Miami Executive Airport (TMB) en route to X51.

The pilot's wife reported that he does not have any recollection of the accident. The passenger stated that the pilot was a friend of his, and the accident flight was their first flight together. The passenger also stated that he was previously a student pilot but never completed his training and let his medical certificate expire. Soon after departing TMB, the pilot transferred control to passenger and let him fly around and make a couple of turns before he transferred control back to the pilot. They flew to X51, and the pilot made one touch-and-go landing. During departure, the pilot transferred control to the passenger and stated, "you make the next landing and I will watch you."

According to the passenger, the pilot then asked him if he wanted "one notch" of flaps, which equated to 10° flap extension, and the passenger responded that he did. The passenger reported that he was trying to fly the airplane straight to the runway, but it kept drifting left due to the quartering tailwind. The passenger tried to correct the flight path but could not get the airplane aligned with the centerline of runway 36. The passenger further stated that he was having difficulty controlling the airplane and did not remember if the pilot tried to help or not. The passenger recalled the airplane veering to the left of the runway centerline and the ground coming up on them quickly. He then braced for impact.

PERSONNEL INFORMATION

According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records, the pilot held a private pilot certificate with an airplane single-engine land rating, which was issued on May 4, 2012. He also held an FAA third-class medical certificate, issued September 23, 2015. At the time of the medical examination, the pilot reported 2,100 total hours of flight experience. The pilot's logbook could not be located.

According to FAA records, the passenger held a student pilot certificate. He also held an FAA first-class medical certificate, issued December 4, 2014. At the time of the medical examination, the passenger reported no hours of flight experience. The student pilot's logbook could not be located.

AIRCRAFT INFORMATION

The four-seat, low-wing, fixed-tricycle-gear airplane was manufactured in 1966. It was powered by a 150-horsepower Lycoming O-320-E2A engine and equipped with a two-bladed, fixed-pitch Sensenich propeller.

A review of maintenance records revealed that the airplane's most recent annual inspection was completed on September 20, 2015. At that time, the airframe had accumulated 3,630 total flight hours, and the engine had accumulated 1,453.7 flight hours since major overhaul.

METEOROLOGICAL INFORMATION

The 1645 recorded weather at X51 was wind from 120° true at 14 knots, gusting to 22 knots, visibility 10 statute miles, temperature 29°C, dew point 23°C, and altimeter setting 30.07 inches of mercury.

WRECKAGE AND IMPACT INFORMATION

Examination of the accident site revealed that the wreckage was located near midfield and about 340 ft off the left side of runway 36. Ground scars that corresponded with damage to the airplane's left-wing tip were between the runway and a canal. Another ground scar that corresponded to damage to the propeller was located on the far bank of the canal. The ground scars were orientated on a heading of 295°. The airplane came to rest on a heading of 200° about 40 ft from the canal bank. The nose gear was bent aft, and both main landing gear were sheared off.

Cable continuity was established to all flight controls. The left-wing tank was full of fuel, and the right wing tank was half-full of fuel. The fuel was consistent in color and odor to 100LL aviation type gasoline and had no visible signs of water contamination. The nose section of the airplane was crushed down and aft, and the engine was tilted up about 30°. The left wing main spar was fractured at the fuselage, and the rear attachment point bolt separated and was not located within the wreckage area. The left wing pulled away from the fuselage about 6 inches but remained attached to the flap torque tube assembly. The flaps were in the 10° position. The ailerons, fuselage, and right wing were intact. The fuel selector was selected to the left tank. Both control yokes were bent to the right and downward.

The left front seat's (pilot's) shoulder harness was torn in half at its midpoint. The aft attachment points of the pilot's seat remained attached to the seat rails; however, the forward attach points were separated from the seat rails, consistent with impact forces. The right front seat's (passenger's) shoulder harness was intact, and the seat was attached at all four corners to the seat rails.

Additional Information

The left and right front seatbelts and shoulder harnesses were retained for further examination by an NTSB survival factors specialist. The shoulder harnesses were manufactured by Pacific Scientific, and the lap belts were manufactured by Davis Aircraft Products, Inc. Both shoulder harnesses were equipped with an inertia reel and an end fitting designed to secure to a standoff button on the separate lapbelt, and the belt webbing's total extended length was about 53 inches.

The left shoulder harness webbing retracted normally into the inertia reel. The distal 24 inches (the portion that did not normally retract into the inertia reel) of the webbing showed significant discoloration and fading. The yellowed material in the discolored area was noticeably stiffer and less pliable than the material that retracted into the inertia reel, which appeared to be black in color. Some minor wear was noted on the edges of the webbing that retracted into the inertia reel, and there was a 6-inch section of significant abrasive wear about 15 to21 inches from the distal end fitting. In this section, about 6 longitudinally woven threads (or 1/8 inch) were compromised at the wear's deepest intrusion into the webbing. A complete transverse, frayed separation of the webbing was present at the point of deepest intrusion, about 20 inches from the distal end fitting.

The webbing of the right shoulder harness did not retract normally into the inertia reel and about 48 inches of webbing remained exposed. The distal 44 inches of the webbing showed discoloration and fading and appeared an orangish color. The discolored material was slightly stiffer and less pliable than the webbing of both lapbelts, but less so than the webbing of the left shoulder harness. The most significant area of discoloration appeared between 14 and 42 inches from the distal end fitting. There was very minor abrasive wear on the edges of a small portion of the webbing that would normally have retracted into the inertia reel, but no thread integrity was compromised. There was no noted wear to the edges of the remainder of the webbing.

Both the lapbelts were in good condition, and the buckles functioned as designed. The webbing was appropriately supple and showed no evidence of fading or damage. The adjustable, insert tab portions of the belts were in similarly good condition. They were adjusted to a length of about 34 inches.

The manufacturer's maintenance manual for the airplane stated that an inspection of the seat belts is required during the annual and/or 100-hour inspection. The manual indicated that the belts are to be replaced if deteriorated or worn. Review of the airplane's maintenance logbooks found no records indicating that the seat belts were ever inspected or replaced.


NTSB Identification: ERA16FA186
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, May 16, 2016 in Homestead, FL
Aircraft: PIPER PA28, registration: N7031R
Injuries: 1 Serious, 1 Minor.

This is preliminary information, subject to change, and may contain errors. Any errors in this report will be corrected when the final report has been completed. NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

On May 16, 2016 about 1646 eastern daylight time, a Piper, PA-28-140, N7031R was substantially damaged when it impacted terrain during landing at Homestead General Aviation Airport (X51), Homestead, Florida. The private pilot was seriously injured and the passenger received minor injuries. The airplane departed from Miami Executive Airport (TMB), Miami, Florida. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the planned flight to X51. The airplane was registered to and operated by a private individual as a personal flight conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

The passenger stated that the pilot was a personal friend and this was their first flight together. The passenger also stated he was a student pilot, but never obtained his pilot certificate and he currently did not have a medical certificate. He added that soon after departing TMB, the pilot transferred control to the passenger and let him fly around, making a couple turns and then the passenger gave controls back to the pilot. The passenger stated they flew to X51 and the pilot made one touch-and-go landing and during departure, the pilot transferred control over to the passenger and stated "you make the next landing and I will watch you." The pilot then asked the passenger if he wanted "one notch" of flaps which equated to 10 degrees of flap extension, in which the passenger stated he did want "one notch" of flaps. The passenger was trying to fly the airplane straight to the runway, but kept getting blown to the left side. The passenger tried to correct the flight path, but could not get the airplane back on the centerline of the approach to runway 36. The passenger further stated he was having difficulty controlling the airplane and did not remember if the pilot tried to help or not. The passenger did not know how they got so far off the centerline of the runway and heading 90 degrees from the centerline of the runway. He remembered the ground coming up on them quickly and he braced for impact.

Examination of the airplane at the accident site revealed that the wreckage was located to the left side of runway 36, approximately 340 feet away and midfield. The direction of flight was 295 degrees magnetic and the airplane came to rest oriented about 200 degrees magnetic. There were ground scars between the runway and a canal that corresponded with damage to the left wing tip. Orange paint chips were located in the grass and ground scars. The airplane had proceeded across the water and impacted the bank on the edge of the water. The propeller contacted the bank first, which bent one blade aft and stopped the engine from rotating further. During the impact, the nose gear bent aft and both main landing gear were sheared off. The airplane then slid approximately 40 feet to its final resting spot.

The left wing tank was full of fuel and the right wing tank was half full of fuel. The fuel was clean and no water was present. The nose section of the airplane was crushed and the engine was tilted up about 30 degrees. The left wing main spar was fractured at the fuselage and the rear attachment point bolt separated and was missing. The left wing pulled away from the fuselage approximately 6 inches, but still remained attached to the flap torque tube assembly. The flaps were in the neutral position, but the flap handle was in the first detent, which equated to 10 degrees of flap extension. The ailerons, fuselage and right wing were intact. The fuel selector was selected to the left tank. Both control yolks were bent to the right side and downward. The pilot's shoulder harness was torn in half at the mid-point of the belt. The pilot's seat was separated from the seat rails, consistent with impact forces. The passenger's shoulder harness was intact and his seat was attached at all four corners of the seat rails.  



SOUTHWEST MIAMI-DADE, Fla. (WSVN) -- A man is being airlifted to the hospital after a small plane made a rough landing on the edge of the Florida Everglades, Monday afternoon.

According to Miami-Dade Fire Rescue, the single-engine Piper went down near Southwest 287th Street and 187th Avenue in Southwest Miami-Dade.

Witnesses said the plane was attempting to land at Homestead General Aviation Airport when it was carried away by strong winds. The aircraft then went past the runway and over a canal before landing on its belly.

According to officials, two people were on board, and rushed to the hospital. 

One person was transported via air rescue, while the other was transported via ground rescue.

7Skyforce HD captured the victim being put in a helicopter by paramedics. He is being taken to an area hospital as a trauma alert.

The plane sustained serious damage to the nose.

Story and video:  http://www.wsvn.com



Two people were injured when a small plane made a rough landing near a Homestead airport Monday.

The incident was reported in the 28700 block of Southwest 217th Avenue.

Officials said two people, a pilot and passenger, were on board the single-engine Piper plane when the pilot lost control during landing.

Footage showed the small plane in a grassy area next to a canal near Miami-Homestead General Aviation Airport.

One person was airlifted to Jackson South while the other person was taken by ground, Miami-Dade Fire Rescue officials said.

Story and video:  http://www.nbcmiami.com

A small plane landed hard, bouncing along Runway 36 at Homestead General Aviation Airport Monday afternoon, before stopping near a canal, federal officials said.

A separated tire could be spotted about six feet from the plane, which also was split in the front.

A Miami-Dade Fire spokeswoman confirmed that two people on board were taken to the hospital — one of whom was airlifted as a trauma alert. The plane went down at about 4:45 p.m. at 28700 SW 217th Ave., at the Homestead airport.

The Federal Aviation Administration said Monday the Piper PA/28 had only two people on board.

Greg Chin, a spokesman for Miami-Dade Aviation Department, said the plane was coming from Miami Executive Airport.

Investigators were there into the night collecting evidence on what may have caused the fixed single-engine plane to go down.

According to FAA records, the plane, which was built in 1966, was registered to Sandy and Santiago Gonzalez.

Original article can be found here: http://www.miamiherald.com

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